NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks fell sharply after disappointing data on inflation made investors confront the bitter possibility that interest rates will stay high for months longer than they were hoping. The S&P 500 fell 1.4% Tuesday after clawing back part of a larger intraday loss. The worse-than-expected inflation report may have put the final nail into hopes that the Federal Reserve could deliver its first interest rate cut in March. It also pushed many forecasts past May into June. The Dow fell 1.4% and the Nasdaq composite tumbled 1.8%. The smallest stocks took some of the biggest losses as Treasury yields surged in the bond market.
THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. AP’s earlier story follows below.
NEW YORK (AP) — U.S. stocks are skidding toward their worst loss in nearly a year after a disappointing report on inflation Tuesday forced investors to recalibrate the hopes that have sent Wall Street to record heights.
The S&P 500 was down 1.9% in late trading as traders delayed their forecasts for when the Federal Reserve will deliver the cuts to interest rates they crave so much. The hotter-than-expected inflation report may have put the final nail into hopes that the first cut could arrive in March. It also pushed many forecasts past May into June, according to data from CME Group.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 731 points, or 1.9%, from its record set a day earlier. The Nasdaq composite, which has been flirting with its all-time high set in 2021, was down 2.2%, with an hour remaining in trading.
High interest rates hurt all kinds of investments, and they tend to particularly hurt high-growth stocks like technology companies. A 2.4% drop for Microsoft and 2.5% tumble for Amazon were two of the heaviest weights on the market.
The losses were widespread, with nearly 95% of stocks in the S&P 500 falling in a wipeout. The index was heading for its worst loss since late February 2023.
Stocks of smaller companies fell even more because high interest rates could hurt them more than their bigger rivals by making it more difficult to borrow cash. The Russell 2000 index of smaller stocks plunged 4.3% and was on track for its worst day since the summer of 2022.
Some analysts warned the inflation data could mean not only a delay to rate cuts but also the possibility that the Fed would raise rates further. The Fed has already pulled its main interest rate to the highest level since 2001 in hopes of grinding down high inflation. High rates work by slowing the overall economy and hurting prices for investments.
But it’s still just one data point, which followed several months of encouraging trends where inflation eased, said Chris Larkin, managing director, trading and investing, at E-Trade from Morgan Stanley.
“Until proven otherwise, the longer-term cooling inflation trend is still in place,” he said. “The Fed had already made clear that rate cuts weren’t going to happen as soon as many people wanted them to. Today was simply a reminder of why they were inclined to wait.”
Still, the reaction across Wall Street was immediate and negative.
Yields jumped in the bond market as traders built up expectations that the Fed will keep interest rates high for longer. The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 4.30% from 4.18% late Tuesday.
The two-year Treasury yield, which moves more on expectations for the Fed, leaped to 4.66% from 4.47%.
Even after the surprising inflation report, the likeliest outcome is still for the economy to manage a perfect landing and avoid a painful recession while waiting for inflation to cool, said Alexandra Wilson-Elizondo, co-chief investment officer of the multi-asset solutions business in Goldman Sachs Asset Management.
But she said there is still risk that conditions could swing to one of two extremes: Either the economy falls into a recession under the weight of high interest rates, or inflation reaccelerates because of how much stock prices have already climbed and Treasury yields have already fallen on expectations for coming cuts to rates.
The forced recalibration by traders for rate cuts is actually bringing Wall Street’s expectations closer to what the Federal Reserve has outlined. Fed officials earlier said they were penciling in three cuts to rates this year, as inflation hopefully cools toward their 2% target from its peak above 9% two summers ago.
Earlier, traders were forecasting as many as six cuts would arrive in 2024, which helped stocks go on a tremendous run since Halloween. The S&P 500 has climbed in 14 of the past 15 weeks. Now, traders are largely betting on three or four cuts this year.
Critics have been warning that stock prices may have climbed too far, too fast given too-optimistic hopes for rate cuts, as well as the risks for a reacceleration in inflation and for a slowdown in the economy. On the upside for markets recently, most companies have been beating analysts’ forecasts for profits in the latest quarter.
Arista Networks joined that parade after reporting stronger earnings and revenue for the latest quarter than expected. But its stock nevertheless sank 6%. Underscoring again the power of high expectations, analysts said its stock may have fallen because investors were expecting it to give a better forecast for upcoming results after its stock had risen nearly 20% for the year so far.
Moody's tumbled 8.6% after the credit-rating company reported weaker profit for the latest quarter than Wall Street had forecast.
Hasbro fell 4% after the toy company reported weaker results for the last three months of 2023 than analysts expected.
On the winning side of Wall Street, JetBlue Airways soared 20.4% after activist investor Carl Icahn disclosed he has built up an ownership stake in the airline and said he sees the stock as undervalued.
In stock markets abroad, indexes fell across Europe. In Asia, markets were closed in China for holidays, but Japan’s Nikkei 225 jumped 2.9% and South Korea’s Kospi gained 1.1%.
AP Business Writer Yuri Kageyama contributed.
Stan Choe, The Associated Press